Single National Curriculum (SNA)

Background

 

In line with the vision of the Honourable Prime Minister and the manifesto of the present government of strengthening the nation, progress of activities towards the development of a Single National Curriculum have gained impressive momentum. The aim of Single National Curriculum is to have a fair and equal opportunity for all children of Pakistan to receive a high quality Education. 

 

Progress so far

 

To materialize the vision of honorable Prime Minister of Pakistan, Ministry of Federal Education & Professional Training has reconstituted the National Curriculum Council (NCC) with a view to strengthen it by inclusion of more stakeholders, with a key focus on moving towards a uniform National Curriculum for Pakistan.

 

Three meetings of National Curriculum Council (NCC) have been held under the chairmanship of Minister for Federal Education & Professional Training. Detailed deliberation on the concept of single national curriculum carried out and it is decided that a Technical Expert Committee on Curriculum (TECC) may be constituted for technical input and formulate a roadmap in the following two areas:

 

  1. Development of single national curriculum
  2. Medium of instruction 

 

Technical Experts Committees on Curriculum (TECC), in its first meeting devised its strategy to develop the Single National Curriculum in three phases on a fast track basis under the supervision of the NCC.

 

Phase I:

  • Development of SNC for Pre1-5 (By 31st March 2020)

Phase II:

  • Development of SNC for grade 6-8  (By 31st March 2021)

Phase III:

  • Development of SNC grade 9 to 12 (By 31st March 2022)

 

The Approach for the development of the Single National Curriculum includes a consultative process with the engagement of public and private sector education system and the Deeni Madaris and consensus building across the provinces. The Guiding Framework for development of single national curriculum and textbooks is as follow:-

 

Development of Guiding Framework documents:

 

    • Standards for Quality Education in consultation with all the federating units and input from Cambridge
    • National Curriculum Framework
    • Values Education document

Key consideration for Single National Curriculum

    • Constitutional guidelines 
    • National Policies, Aspirations and National Standards
    • Emerging international trends
    • Outcomes based approach
    • Focus on Values, Life Skills Based and Inclusive Education
    • Promotion of intellectual, spiritual, aesthetic, emotional, social and physical development of learners
    • Development of Analytical, Critical and Creative Thinking
    • Move away from rote memorization & Focus on Project, Inquiry and Activity Based Learning
    • Application of knowledge with the real life
    • Use of Information & Communication Technology (ICT)
    • Inclusion of modern teaching and assessment practices
    • Alignment with TIMMS

 

Steps taken for the development of Single National Curriculum

  • Comparative Analysis of Pakistan Curriculum with Singapore and Cambridge Curriculum and incorporation of findings in Subject Curricula 
  • Comparative analysis of Pakistan Learners Standards with Singapore, Malaysia/Indonesia, & UK standards and incorporation of findings in Standards document
  • Development of subject standards, based on the Learners standards and the outcomes of the comparative study   
  • Draft Single National Curriculum (SNC) for Grades pre 1 to 5 in light of the updated learners and subject standards and findings of comparative studies. 
  • Sharing of Draft Single National Curriculum with all federating units,   Cambridge University and Federal Government Educational Institutions (FGEIs) Cantts & Garrisons
  • Provincial and Areas’ input on draft Single National Curriculum
  • Preparation of the second draft of the Single National Curriculum in light of input received from federating units

Next Steps for the development of Single National Curriculum

    • National Conference to finalize Single National Curriculum (Grade Pre I-V) in light of input received from federating units/stakeholders & Cambridge University
    • Approval of Single National Curriculum (Grade Pre I-V) by NCC
    • Approval of Single National Curriculum (Grade Pre I-V) by IPEMC