Education Policy and Research (EP&R)
Education Policy and Research (EP&R)
The main functions of AEPAM is to conduct research on issues related to education. The findings of the research studies are used by the policy makers in education policy formulation. Moreover, research studies are also used by the planners, education managers and scholars to address educational issues. AEPAM in collaboration with international organizations such as ( UNESCO/UNICEF/UNDP/IIEP/IBE/HIID (Harvard Institute for International Development)/UNCRD/CPSC) conducted research studies of international standards on educational issues. While conducting research the AEPAM adopts international standards, so that the findings of the research should be valid and reliable. AEPAM has conducted research studies during 2016-2017, the details are given below:
Completed Research Studies
- Financing in Education Sector (Public and Private 2013-2017).
- Impact of Public Private Partnership on Development of Education in Pakistan.
- Early Childhood Education in Pakistan.
- Causes of failure to Implement Technical and Vocational Education Policy Interventions at Secondary Education.
Currently completed Research Studies
A brief review of the completed research studies is as under:
1. Name of Study “Causes of Dropout Rate at Primary Level in Pakistan”
The summarize findings of the study explored the reasons of dropout at primary level in Pakistan. The perception of education managers, teachers, parents and community members was sought to identify main reasons of dropout at primary level in Pakistan. It is inferred from the findings of the study that there are various factors contributing towards dropout at primary level in Pakistan. It was found that low economic development of the country and low per capita income were the main factors of high dropout rate at primary level. Moreover, the low socio-economic family background of students is one of the major causes of dropout because students dropped out due to poverty and to earn livelihood for their families. The family related factors such as illiteracy of parents, migration, large family size, children helping in domestic chores, low priority towards female education are other main determinants of high drop out at primary level. The child related factors such as poor health, learning difficulty, mental capability and poor attendance also caused dropout. It was revealed that non-availability of physical facilities in public schools and dilapidated condition of school buildings were other major contributing factors towards high dropout rate at primary level. Long distance to school and natural calamities also cause dropout at primary level. The irrelevant and difficult teaching and learning materials were identified as other determinants of dropout at primary level. Teachers related factors such as harsh attitude of teachers, corporal punishment, teachers’ absenteeism, non-availability of teachers and multi-grade teaching were found as major factors leading towards high dropout at primary level.
2. Name of Study “Age Specific Data of Students upto Higher Secondary School Level in Pakistan”
The summarize findings of the study indicate that enrolled students at different levels of education were categorized as (i) students who fall within official age group of specific level of education (ii) overage students of specific level of education and (iii) underage students of specific level of education. The findings of the study indicate that 71% enrolled students of both public and private sector at primary level fall within official age group, 53% students at middle level lie within official age group, 48% students at secondary level fall within official age group and 46% students at higher secondary level fall within official age group. It is concluded that about 59% percentage of students from primary to higher secondary fall within official age group 5-16. It was revealed that more students of private sector fall within official age group at all levels of education (primary to higher secondary) as compared to public sector.
It is concluded that FATA has the highest percentage i.e. 77% students of public primary schools who fall within official age group, whereas AJK has the lowest percentage of public primary school students who lie within official age group. Similarly, FATA has the highest percentage i.e. 62% of students at public secondary schools within official age group, whereas Punjab has the lowest percentage of public secondary school students within official age group. At the higher secondary level FATA has the highest percentage i.e. 73% of enrolled students in public schools within official age group, whereas, ICT has the lowest percentage of public higher secondary school students i.e. 29% within official age group. It was also concluded that one third of enrolled students at primary level and around half of the students at middle, secondary and higher secondary level in both public and Private sectors were found overage.
The AEPAM has initiated the following research studies that will also be completed during the current financial year.
Financing in Education Sector 2019-2020.
Comparison of SSC and HSSC Results of BISEs in Pakistan 2015 to 2018.
Status of Education Sector Reforms and their Impact on Education Development across the Provinces.